Deterministic creation and deletion of a single magnetic skyrmion observed by direct time-resolved X-ray microscopy

Seonghoon Woo, Kyung Mee Song, Xichao Zhang, Motohiko Ezawa, Yan Zhou, Xiaoxi Liu, Markus Weigand, Simone Finizio, Jörg Raabe, Min Chul Park, Ki Young Lee, Jun Woo Choi, Byoung Chul Min, Hyun Cheol Koo, Joonyeon Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spintronic devices based on magnetic skyrmions are a promising candidate for next-generation memory applications due to their nanometre size, topologically protected stability and efficient current-driven dynamics. Since the recent discovery of room-temperature magnetic skyrmions, there have been reports of current-driven skyrmion displacement on magnetic tracks and demonstrations of current pulse-driven skyrmion generation. However, the controlled annihilation of a single skyrmion at room temperature has remained elusive. Here we demonstrate the deterministic writing and deleting of single isolated skyrmions at room temperature in ferrimagnetic GdFeCo films with a device-compatible stripline geometry. The process is driven by the application of current pulses, which induce spin-orbit torques, and is directly observed using a time-resolved nanoscale X-ray imaging technique. We provide a current pulse profile for the efficient and deterministic writing and deleting process. Using micromagnetic simulations, we also reveal the microscopic mechanism of the topological fluctuations that occur during this process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-296
Number of pages9
JournalNature Electronics
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 1

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deletion
Microscopic examination
microscopy
X rays
Magnetoelectronics
x rays
room temperature
Temperature
pulses
Orbits
Demonstrations
Torque
Imaging techniques
Data storage equipment
Geometry
imaging techniques
torque
orbits
profiles
geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Deterministic creation and deletion of a single magnetic skyrmion observed by direct time-resolved X-ray microscopy. / Woo, Seonghoon; Song, Kyung Mee; Zhang, Xichao; Ezawa, Motohiko; Zhou, Yan; Liu, Xiaoxi; Weigand, Markus; Finizio, Simone; Raabe, Jörg; Park, Min Chul; Lee, Ki Young; Choi, Jun Woo; Min, Byoung Chul; Koo, Hyun Cheol; Chang, Joonyeon.

In: Nature Electronics, Vol. 1, No. 5, 01.05.2018, p. 288-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Woo, S, Song, KM, Zhang, X, Ezawa, M, Zhou, Y, Liu, X, Weigand, M, Finizio, S, Raabe, J, Park, MC, Lee, KY, Choi, JW, Min, BC, Koo, HC & Chang, J 2018, 'Deterministic creation and deletion of a single magnetic skyrmion observed by direct time-resolved X-ray microscopy', Nature Electronics, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 288-296. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41928-018-0070-8
Woo, Seonghoon ; Song, Kyung Mee ; Zhang, Xichao ; Ezawa, Motohiko ; Zhou, Yan ; Liu, Xiaoxi ; Weigand, Markus ; Finizio, Simone ; Raabe, Jörg ; Park, Min Chul ; Lee, Ki Young ; Choi, Jun Woo ; Min, Byoung Chul ; Koo, Hyun Cheol ; Chang, Joonyeon. / Deterministic creation and deletion of a single magnetic skyrmion observed by direct time-resolved X-ray microscopy. In: Nature Electronics. 2018 ; Vol. 1, No. 5. pp. 288-296.
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