Development and effects of a mobile application for safety incident prevention among hospitalized Korean children: A pilot study of feasibility and acceptability

Jihee Han, Won Oak Oh, Il Tae Park, Anna Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to describe the development, feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a safety incident prevention program using the Safe Kids Hospital (SKH) application (app) among hospitalized Korean children aged 3–6 years. Design and methods: Through a literature review of studies on the development of mobile apps for child safety education, reference to educational apps on YouTube, and discussions among the research team, the SKH, a 2D game-based learning app, was developed. The SKH makes use of hospital pictures from the Hospital Safe Scale-Kids (HSS-Kids) test, a structured pictorial questionnaire that measures hospitalized children's safety awareness. This study was a pilot test of the SKH app in an urban Korean medical center. A one-group pre-posttest design was used to evaluate the effect of the SKH app among 30 child-caregiver (parent or grandparent) pairs using the HSS-Kids. In addition, semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore participants' experiences related to using the app. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed with t-test and content analysis, respectively. Results: The mean age of the children was 4.5 years. Their level of safety awareness increased after the safety incident prevention program using the SKH app (M = 17.80, 24.53; t = 6.275, p < 0.001). Participants considered the app easy to use and a fun way of learning, expressing overall satisfaction with the education program. Conclusions: The effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptability of the SKH app were established. Practice implications: The SKH app is a promising educational method in pediatric settings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Child
  • Child health
  • Hospitalized
  • Mobile application
  • Patient education as topic
  • Patient safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics

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