Lipid droplets (LDs) are crucial biological organelles connected with metabolic pathways in biological systems and diseases. To monitor the locations and accumulation of LDs in lipid-related diseases, the development of a visualization tool for LDs has gained importance. In particular, LD visualization using fluorescent probes has gained attention. Herein, a new fluorescent nanoprobe, BMeS-Ali, is developed that can sense LDs based on an amphiphilic single benzene-based fluorophore (SBBF). BMeS-Ali consists of hydrophilic (-NH2) and hydrophobic (-C12H25) moieties and exists as a micelle nanostructure in aqueous media. BMeS-Ali has a weak fluorescence, but its emission was dramatically enhanced upon exposure to the LD components such as oleic acids (OA) by reassembling its nano-formulation. BMeS-Ali showed a selective LD staining ability and great biocompatibility in cells (cancer cells and stem cells). It also showed a practical sensing ability towards biologically derived lipids and can be applied to the visualization of human fingerprints. We found that the nanoprobe BMeS-Ali has significant potential to serve as a practical dye and sensor for lipids, especially for LD imaging in the biomedical research area and broader industrial applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry