Development of a new pulsatile extracorporeal life support device incorporating a dual pulsatile blood pump

S. W. Choi, K. W. Nam, J. Chung, J. C. Lee, C. M. Hwang, Y. S. Won, K. Sun, Byoung Goo Min

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A new pulsatile extracorporeal life support device (ECLS) has been developed, designed to sustain pulsatile blood flow during emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitations and cardiopulmonary operations. This device features two identical pulsatile pumps that operate alternately and can therefore provide blood inflow in a more uniform manner than similar systems featuring a single-pump configuration. In order to confirm the presumed benefits of this newly-developed dual pulsatile pump configuration, we have conducted a series of in vitro experiments designed to compare the properties of the new system with a single pump system, specifically with regard to pump delivery rate and active filling efficiency. Our results reveal that the dual pump configuration can, indeed, deliver a higher flow than can the single pump system, and exhibits an active filling efficiency superior to that of the single-pump configuration. We performed a series of animal experiments to measure the pulsatility of the dual-pump configuration in terms of equivalent energy pressure (EEP). In order to measure EEP, we measured femoral arterial pressure and pump outflow. The results of our animal experiments revealed that the newly-developed pulstile ECLS exhibits sufficient pulsatility in terms of the EEP considerations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)583-590
    Number of pages8
    JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
    Volume29
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun

    Keywords

    • Dual pulsatile pump
    • Equivalent energy pressure (EEP)
    • Extracorporeal life support device (ECLS)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Bioengineering
    • Biomaterials
    • Biomedical Engineering

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