Development of a porosity-graded micro porous layer using thermal expandable graphite for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Jeong Hwan Chun, Dong Hyun Jo, Sang Gon Kim, Sun Hee Park, Chang Hoon Lee, Eun Sook Lee, Jy Young Jyoung, Sung Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, a porosity-graded micro porous layer (MPL) was prepared using the double coating method to enhance the water removal ability of the gas diffusion layer (GDL). In the double MPL, the porosity of each layer was controlled using thermal expandable graphite (TEG), which could produce pores in MPL through thermal expansibility. The porosity of the inner layer of the porosity-graded MPL was smaller than the outer layer, so the gradient direction in porosity was from the MPL/catalyst layer interface to the gas diffusion backing layer (GDBL)/MPL interface. In addition, the pore forming ability of TEG and the water removal ability of porosity-graded MPL were characterized. The performance of the porosity-graded MPL was evaluated and compared to the single layer conventional MPL. The porosity-gradient structure in MPL increased the water permeability of GDL and the performance of the single cell in the high current density region. Since the porosity-graded MPL increased the water removal ability of GDL, concentration loss due to water flooding in the high current density region was decreased. These results demonstrate that porosity-graded MPL was beneficial to PEMFC, which has to operate in the high current density region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Graphite
Porosity
Diffusion in gases
Current density
Water
Hot Temperature
Coatings
Catalysts

Keywords

  • Gas diffusion layer (GDL)
  • Graded porosity
  • Micro porous layer (MPL)
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC)
  • Thermal expandable graphite (TEG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Development of a porosity-graded micro porous layer using thermal expandable graphite for proton exchange membrane fuel cells. / Chun, Jeong Hwan; Jo, Dong Hyun; Kim, Sang Gon; Park, Sun Hee; Lee, Chang Hoon; Lee, Eun Sook; Jyoung, Jy Young; Kim, Sung Hyun.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 58, 01.10.2013, p. 28-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chun, Jeong Hwan ; Jo, Dong Hyun ; Kim, Sang Gon ; Park, Sun Hee ; Lee, Chang Hoon ; Lee, Eun Sook ; Jyoung, Jy Young ; Kim, Sung Hyun. / Development of a porosity-graded micro porous layer using thermal expandable graphite for proton exchange membrane fuel cells. In: Renewable Energy. 2013 ; Vol. 58. pp. 28-33.
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