Development of complete thoracic spinal cord transection model in rats for delayed transplantation of stem cells

Sang Hyuk Min, Sang Hoon Lee, Hosup Shim, Jeong Soo Park, Young Ii Lee, Hae Won Kim, Jung Keun Hyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design.: In vivo study of a rat spinal cord injury model. Objectives.: To develop complete transection model of thoracic spinal cord using a polymer sheet and a microtube relevant for delayed transplantation of stem cells. Summary of Background Data.: Stem cell transplantation for the regeneration of spinal cord injuries has used animal models. However, current models suffer from inflammation and leakage, which lessens their usefulness in studying delayed stem cell transplantation. Methods.: Thoracic spinal cord at T9 level of adult Sprague-Dawley rats was exposed and a 50:50 sheet of poly(D,L-lactic-coglycolic acid) was inserted, exposed spinal cord was completely transected, and collagen was filled between the gap between the proximal and distal stumps of transected spinal cord. A microtube was placed and fixed between the polymer surfaces facing each other. Behavior testing, magnetic resonance imaging, and myelography were performed to characterize the new complete transection with a gap formation and polymer insertion (GAP) model and to compare the GAP model with the control models. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were transplanted into 3 models and immunohistochemistry and western blot were performed. Results.: The inserted poly(D,L-lactic-coglycolic acid) sheet was completely disappeared 10 weeks after operation, but the inserted microtube remained firmly fixed in its original position. Myelography of the GAP model showed no leakage of contrast medium around the injured spinal cord, whereas magnetic resonance imaging of the severe contusion and simple transection models showed some leakage of contrast medium. Immunohistochemistry and western blot after hMSCs transplantation indicated that transplanted hMSCs survived and migrated well in the GAP model, and the deposition of inflammatory cells in GAP model was less than a simple transection model or severe contusion model. Conclusion.: The developed GAP model is more relevant for delayed transplantation of stem cells for the study of regeneration of spinal cord injury of rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E155-E163
JournalSpine
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 1

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Keywords

  • Spinal cord injury
  • infl ammation
  • microtube
  • polymer
  • transection model
  • transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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