Drought is a natural disaster that occurs globally and is a main trigger of secondary environmental and socio-economic damages, such as food insecurity, land degradation, and sand-dust storms. As climate change is being accelerated by human activities and environmental changes, both the severity and uncertainties of drought are increasing. In this study, a diagnostic drought prediction model (DDPM) was developed to reduce the uncertainties caused by environmental diversity at the regional level in Kyrgyzstan, by predicting drought with meteorological forecasts and satellite image diagnosis. The DDPM starts with applying a prognostic drought prediction model (PDPM) to 1) estimate future agricultural drought by explaining its relationship with the standardized precipitation index (SPI), an accumulated precipitation anomaly, and 2) compensate for regional variances, which were not reflected sufficiently in the PDPM, by taking advantage of preciseness in the time-series vegetation condition index (VCI), a satellite-based index representing land surface conditions. Comparing the prediction results with the monitored VCI from June to August, it was found that the DDPM outperformed the PDPM, which exploits only meteorological data, in both spatiotemporal and spatial accuracy. In particular, for June to August, respectively, the results of the DDPM (coefficient of determination [R 2] = 0.27, 0.36, and 0.4; root mean squared error [RMSE] = 0.16, 0.13, and 0.13) were more effective in explaining the spatial details of drought severity on a regional scale than those of the PDPM (R 2 = 0.09, 0.10, and 0.11; RMSE = 0.17, 0.15, and 0.16). The DDPM revealed the possibility of advanced drought assessment by integrating the earth observation big data comprising meteorological and satellite data. In particular, the advantage of data fusion is expected to be maximized in areas with high land surface heterogeneity or sparse weather stations by providing observational feedback to the PDPM. This research is anticipated to support policymakers and technical officials in establishing effective policies, action plans, and disaster early warning systems to reduce disaster risk and prevent environmental and socio-economic damage.
- Agricultural drought
- Diagnostic drought prediction model (DDPM)
- Early warning system
- Standardized precipitation index (SPI)
- Vegetation condition index (VCI)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)