Development of high resolution phoswich depth-of-interaction block detectors utilizing Mg co-doped new scintillators

Takahiro Kobayashi, Seiichi Yamamoto, Jungyeol Yeom, Kei Kamada, Akira Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To correct for parallax error in positron emission tomography (PET), phoswich depth-of-interaction (DOI) detector using multiple scintillators with different decay times is a practical approach. However not many scintillator combinations suitable for phoswich DOI detector have been reported. Ce doped Gd3Ga3Al2O12 (GFAG) is a newly developed promising scintillator for PET detector, which has high density, high light output, appropriate light emission wavelength for silicon-photomultiplier (Si-PM) and faster decay time than that of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 (GAGG). In this study, we developed a Si-PM based phoswich DOI block detector of GFAG with GAGG crystal arrays and evaluated its performance. We assembled a GFAG block and a GAGG block and they were optically coupled in depth direction to form a phoswich detector block. The phoswich block was optically coupled to a Si-PM array with a 1 mm thick light guide. The sizes of the GFAG and GAGG pixels were 0.9 mm x 0.9 mm x 7.5 mm and they were arranged into 24 x 24 matrix with 0.1 mm thick BaSO4 as reflector. We conducted the performance evaluation for two types of configurations; GFAG block arranged in upper layer (GFAG/GAGG) and GAGG arranged in upper layer (GAGG/GFAG). The measured two dimensional position histograms of these block detectors showed good separation and pulse shape spectra produced two distinct peaks for both configurations although some difference in energy spectra were observed. These results indicate phoswich block detectors composed of GFAG and GAGG are promising for high resolution DOI PET systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume875
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 11

Fingerprint

Phosphors
scintillation counters
Detectors
high resolution
detectors
Positron emission tomography
Photomultipliers
positrons
interactions
tomography
Silicon
silicon
parallax
Light emission
decay
configurations
histograms
reflectors
light emission
energy spectra

Keywords

  • DOI
  • GFAG
  • PET
  • Phoswich

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

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title = "Development of high resolution phoswich depth-of-interaction block detectors utilizing Mg co-doped new scintillators",
abstract = "To correct for parallax error in positron emission tomography (PET), phoswich depth-of-interaction (DOI) detector using multiple scintillators with different decay times is a practical approach. However not many scintillator combinations suitable for phoswich DOI detector have been reported. Ce doped Gd3Ga3Al2O12 (GFAG) is a newly developed promising scintillator for PET detector, which has high density, high light output, appropriate light emission wavelength for silicon-photomultiplier (Si-PM) and faster decay time than that of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 (GAGG). In this study, we developed a Si-PM based phoswich DOI block detector of GFAG with GAGG crystal arrays and evaluated its performance. We assembled a GFAG block and a GAGG block and they were optically coupled in depth direction to form a phoswich detector block. The phoswich block was optically coupled to a Si-PM array with a 1 mm thick light guide. The sizes of the GFAG and GAGG pixels were 0.9 mm x 0.9 mm x 7.5 mm and they were arranged into 24 x 24 matrix with 0.1 mm thick BaSO4 as reflector. We conducted the performance evaluation for two types of configurations; GFAG block arranged in upper layer (GFAG/GAGG) and GAGG arranged in upper layer (GAGG/GFAG). The measured two dimensional position histograms of these block detectors showed good separation and pulse shape spectra produced two distinct peaks for both configurations although some difference in energy spectra were observed. These results indicate phoswich block detectors composed of GFAG and GAGG are promising for high resolution DOI PET systems.",
keywords = "DOI, GFAG, PET, Phoswich",
author = "Takahiro Kobayashi and Seiichi Yamamoto and Jungyeol Yeom and Kei Kamada and Akira Yoshikawa",
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T1 - Development of high resolution phoswich depth-of-interaction block detectors utilizing Mg co-doped new scintillators

AU - Kobayashi, Takahiro

AU - Yamamoto, Seiichi

AU - Yeom, Jungyeol

AU - Kamada, Kei

AU - Yoshikawa, Akira

PY - 2017/12/11

Y1 - 2017/12/11

N2 - To correct for parallax error in positron emission tomography (PET), phoswich depth-of-interaction (DOI) detector using multiple scintillators with different decay times is a practical approach. However not many scintillator combinations suitable for phoswich DOI detector have been reported. Ce doped Gd3Ga3Al2O12 (GFAG) is a newly developed promising scintillator for PET detector, which has high density, high light output, appropriate light emission wavelength for silicon-photomultiplier (Si-PM) and faster decay time than that of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 (GAGG). In this study, we developed a Si-PM based phoswich DOI block detector of GFAG with GAGG crystal arrays and evaluated its performance. We assembled a GFAG block and a GAGG block and they were optically coupled in depth direction to form a phoswich detector block. The phoswich block was optically coupled to a Si-PM array with a 1 mm thick light guide. The sizes of the GFAG and GAGG pixels were 0.9 mm x 0.9 mm x 7.5 mm and they were arranged into 24 x 24 matrix with 0.1 mm thick BaSO4 as reflector. We conducted the performance evaluation for two types of configurations; GFAG block arranged in upper layer (GFAG/GAGG) and GAGG arranged in upper layer (GAGG/GFAG). The measured two dimensional position histograms of these block detectors showed good separation and pulse shape spectra produced two distinct peaks for both configurations although some difference in energy spectra were observed. These results indicate phoswich block detectors composed of GFAG and GAGG are promising for high resolution DOI PET systems.

AB - To correct for parallax error in positron emission tomography (PET), phoswich depth-of-interaction (DOI) detector using multiple scintillators with different decay times is a practical approach. However not many scintillator combinations suitable for phoswich DOI detector have been reported. Ce doped Gd3Ga3Al2O12 (GFAG) is a newly developed promising scintillator for PET detector, which has high density, high light output, appropriate light emission wavelength for silicon-photomultiplier (Si-PM) and faster decay time than that of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 (GAGG). In this study, we developed a Si-PM based phoswich DOI block detector of GFAG with GAGG crystal arrays and evaluated its performance. We assembled a GFAG block and a GAGG block and they were optically coupled in depth direction to form a phoswich detector block. The phoswich block was optically coupled to a Si-PM array with a 1 mm thick light guide. The sizes of the GFAG and GAGG pixels were 0.9 mm x 0.9 mm x 7.5 mm and they were arranged into 24 x 24 matrix with 0.1 mm thick BaSO4 as reflector. We conducted the performance evaluation for two types of configurations; GFAG block arranged in upper layer (GFAG/GAGG) and GAGG arranged in upper layer (GAGG/GFAG). The measured two dimensional position histograms of these block detectors showed good separation and pulse shape spectra produced two distinct peaks for both configurations although some difference in energy spectra were observed. These results indicate phoswich block detectors composed of GFAG and GAGG are promising for high resolution DOI PET systems.

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JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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