Development of new smart materials and spinning systems inspired by natural silks and their applications

Jie Cheng, Sang Hoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silks produced by spiders and silkworms are charming natural biological materials with highly optimized hierarchical structures and outstanding physicomechanical properties. The superior performance of silks relies on the integration of a unique protein sequence, a distinctive spinning process, and complex hierarchical structures. Silks have been prepared to form a variety of morphologies and are widely used in diverse applications, for example, in the textile industry, as drug delivery vehicles, and as tissue engineering scaffolds. This review presents an overview of the organization of natural silks, in which chemical and physical functions are optimized, as well as a range of new materials inspired by the desire to mimic natural silk structure and synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
JournalFrontiers in Materials
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 12

Fingerprint

Intelligent materials
Silk
Tissue Scaffolds
Textile industry
Scaffolds (biology)
Drug delivery
Tissue engineering
Biological materials
Proteins

Keywords

  • Biomimetic
  • Hierarchical structure
  • Protein primary sequence
  • Self-assembly
  • Silk
  • Silk-inspired functional materials
  • Spinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Development of new smart materials and spinning systems inspired by natural silks and their applications. / Cheng, Jie; Lee, Sang Hoon.

In: Frontiers in Materials, Vol. 2, 74, 12.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{9e3513582a1442dcb24374df9eea2f30,
title = "Development of new smart materials and spinning systems inspired by natural silks and their applications",
abstract = "Silks produced by spiders and silkworms are charming natural biological materials with highly optimized hierarchical structures and outstanding physicomechanical properties. The superior performance of silks relies on the integration of a unique protein sequence, a distinctive spinning process, and complex hierarchical structures. Silks have been prepared to form a variety of morphologies and are widely used in diverse applications, for example, in the textile industry, as drug delivery vehicles, and as tissue engineering scaffolds. This review presents an overview of the organization of natural silks, in which chemical and physical functions are optimized, as well as a range of new materials inspired by the desire to mimic natural silk structure and synthesis.",
keywords = "Biomimetic, Hierarchical structure, Protein primary sequence, Self-assembly, Silk, Silk-inspired functional materials, Spinning",
author = "Jie Cheng and Lee, {Sang Hoon}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "12",
doi = "10.3389/fmats.2015.00074",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
journal = "Frontiers in Materials",
issn = "2296-8016",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S. A.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of new smart materials and spinning systems inspired by natural silks and their applications

AU - Cheng, Jie

AU - Lee, Sang Hoon

PY - 2016/1/12

Y1 - 2016/1/12

N2 - Silks produced by spiders and silkworms are charming natural biological materials with highly optimized hierarchical structures and outstanding physicomechanical properties. The superior performance of silks relies on the integration of a unique protein sequence, a distinctive spinning process, and complex hierarchical structures. Silks have been prepared to form a variety of morphologies and are widely used in diverse applications, for example, in the textile industry, as drug delivery vehicles, and as tissue engineering scaffolds. This review presents an overview of the organization of natural silks, in which chemical and physical functions are optimized, as well as a range of new materials inspired by the desire to mimic natural silk structure and synthesis.

AB - Silks produced by spiders and silkworms are charming natural biological materials with highly optimized hierarchical structures and outstanding physicomechanical properties. The superior performance of silks relies on the integration of a unique protein sequence, a distinctive spinning process, and complex hierarchical structures. Silks have been prepared to form a variety of morphologies and are widely used in diverse applications, for example, in the textile industry, as drug delivery vehicles, and as tissue engineering scaffolds. This review presents an overview of the organization of natural silks, in which chemical and physical functions are optimized, as well as a range of new materials inspired by the desire to mimic natural silk structure and synthesis.

KW - Biomimetic

KW - Hierarchical structure

KW - Protein primary sequence

KW - Self-assembly

KW - Silk

KW - Silk-inspired functional materials

KW - Spinning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019842182&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85019842182&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fmats.2015.00074

DO - 10.3389/fmats.2015.00074

M3 - Review article

VL - 2

JO - Frontiers in Materials

JF - Frontiers in Materials

SN - 2296-8016

M1 - 74

ER -