Development of porous Pt/IrO2/carbon paper electrocatalysts with enhanced mass transport as oxygen electrodes in unitized regenerative fuel cells

Byung Seok Lee, Hee Young Park, Min Kyung Cho, Jea Woo Jung, Hyoung Juhn Kim, Dirk Henkensmeier, Sung Jong Yoo, Jin Young Kim, Sehkyu Park, Kwan Young Lee, Jong Hyun Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxygen electrodes in unitized regenerative fuel cells (URFC) must have high activities towards oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) as well as oxygen evolution reaction (OER), thus requiring high loading of noble metal electrocatalysts. In this study, porous Pt/IrO2/carbon paper (CP) electrocatalysts were developed to reduce the metal loading. The Pt/IrO2/CP electrodes were fabricated by sequential formation of IrO2 layers (loading 0.1 mg cm-2) and porous Pt layers (0-0.3 mg cm-2) on CP substrates by electrodeposition and spraying techniques, respectively. The fuel cell (FC) performances increased linearly up to 0.69 A cm-2 with increasing Pt loading (up to ∼ 0.3 mg cm-2) at 0.6 V, whereas the water electrolysis (WE) activity was highest at Pt loading of 0.2 mg cm-2. The current densities in the FC and WE modes and round-trip efficiency of the developed Pt/IrO2/CP electrodes with the oxygen electrocatalysts loadings of 0.3 and 0.4 mg cm-2 were higher or comparable to previously reported values with higher loading (1.5-4.0 mg cm-2). These high performances with low loading are probably due to the facile oxygen and water transport through well-developed macropores originating from the open CP structures, providing effective utilization of the IrO2 and Pt electrocatalysts towards OER and ORR, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-17
Number of pages4
JournalElectrochemistry Communications
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

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Regenerative fuel cells
Electrocatalysts
Carbon
Mass transfer
Oxygen
Electrodes
Electrolysis
Water
Fuel cells
Spraying
Precious metals
Electrodeposition
Current density
Metals

Keywords

  • Iridium oxide
  • Oxygen electrode
  • Platinum
  • Unitized regenerative fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Development of porous Pt/IrO2/carbon paper electrocatalysts with enhanced mass transport as oxygen electrodes in unitized regenerative fuel cells. / Lee, Byung Seok; Park, Hee Young; Cho, Min Kyung; Jung, Jea Woo; Kim, Hyoung Juhn; Henkensmeier, Dirk; Yoo, Sung Jong; Kim, Jin Young; Park, Sehkyu; Lee, Kwan Young; Jang, Jong Hyun.

In: Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 64, 01.03.2016, p. 14-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Byung Seok ; Park, Hee Young ; Cho, Min Kyung ; Jung, Jea Woo ; Kim, Hyoung Juhn ; Henkensmeier, Dirk ; Yoo, Sung Jong ; Kim, Jin Young ; Park, Sehkyu ; Lee, Kwan Young ; Jang, Jong Hyun. / Development of porous Pt/IrO2/carbon paper electrocatalysts with enhanced mass transport as oxygen electrodes in unitized regenerative fuel cells. In: Electrochemistry Communications. 2016 ; Vol. 64. pp. 14-17.
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AU - Kim, Hyoung Juhn

AU - Henkensmeier, Dirk

AU - Yoo, Sung Jong

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AB - The oxygen electrodes in unitized regenerative fuel cells (URFC) must have high activities towards oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) as well as oxygen evolution reaction (OER), thus requiring high loading of noble metal electrocatalysts. In this study, porous Pt/IrO2/carbon paper (CP) electrocatalysts were developed to reduce the metal loading. The Pt/IrO2/CP electrodes were fabricated by sequential formation of IrO2 layers (loading 0.1 mg cm-2) and porous Pt layers (0-0.3 mg cm-2) on CP substrates by electrodeposition and spraying techniques, respectively. The fuel cell (FC) performances increased linearly up to 0.69 A cm-2 with increasing Pt loading (up to ∼ 0.3 mg cm-2) at 0.6 V, whereas the water electrolysis (WE) activity was highest at Pt loading of 0.2 mg cm-2. The current densities in the FC and WE modes and round-trip efficiency of the developed Pt/IrO2/CP electrodes with the oxygen electrocatalysts loadings of 0.3 and 0.4 mg cm-2 were higher or comparable to previously reported values with higher loading (1.5-4.0 mg cm-2). These high performances with low loading are probably due to the facile oxygen and water transport through well-developed macropores originating from the open CP structures, providing effective utilization of the IrO2 and Pt electrocatalysts towards OER and ORR, respectively.

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