Development of reactive artificial liner using recycled materials. 1. Mechanical properties and chemical compatibility

Johnnie Y. Chin, Kyong Whan Moon, Jae K. Park, Daniel J. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There have been several studies showing that volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can diffuse a geomembrane within days and migrate to groundwater and the surrounding environment. To ease the concern of potential pollution of the surrounding environment, an alternative artificial liner consisting of recycled materials is proposed. This composite liner consisted of recycled crumb rubber, organo-clay, silica fume, and epoxy binder. Dimethyl sulfoxide, an environmentally-friendly solvent recycled from paper pulp, was used as a plasticizer. The objective of this study was to determine the best combination of ingredients used at the initial stage and to develop artificial liners suitable for containing VOCs in leachate by comparing various physical properties. A series of screening tests including bending, tearing and elongating was performed to determine the most suitable mixture ratios. Then, more intensive tests were performed with the specimens that had the best physical properties. The new artificial liner demonstrated satisfactory mechanical properties with the minimum elongation and maximum strength after 40 years. Both artificial liners and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) specimens had ∼136 kg cm-2 after 4 months of thermal stress while the artificial liner had 40% less elongation at break than HDPE. The artificial liner's fully developed strength was about ten times stronger than HDPE. This new type of composite material that can be applied on site may provide a new perspective in liner design and alleviate the issue of potential groundwater pollution caused by landfill leachate and highly mobile VOCs which is a matter of much concern.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-713
Number of pages8
JournalWaste Management and Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul


  • Landfill liner
  • crumb rubber
  • diffusion
  • elongation at break
  • groundwater pollution
  • leachate
  • mass flux
  • recycled materials
  • tensile force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution


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