Development of single-nucleotide polymorphism markers of salinity tolerance for Tunisian durum wheat using RNA sequencing

Sang Heon Kim, Dae Yeon Kim, Inés Yacoubi, Yong Weon Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Salinity stress is a critical abiotic stress that reduces crop productivity. Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) is an essential cereal in Tunisia, a country threatened by salinity stress. In this study, 26 accessions of Tunisian durum wheat were subjected to salinity stress induced by 500 mM NaCl, and their salinity tolerance was evaluated by examining phenotypic parameters and calculating the salinity tolerance trait index and salinity tolerance index. Furthermore, two Tunisian durum wheat cultivars, namely ‘Om Rabia’ (salinity-tolerant) and ‘Mahmoudi’ (salinity-susceptible), were subjected to RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) analysis, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected from the RNA-Seq data of these two cultivars. The impacts of all SNP variants on genes were predicted, and 157 candidate SNP primer pairs were designed preferentially using high-impact transcripts. Following confirmation using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of data from ‘Om Rabia’ and ‘Mahmoudi’, 17 SNP markers were developed and applied to assess the remaining 26 Tunisian durum wheat lines. Three developed SNP markers (KUCMB_TRIDC7AG078450.6_12, KUCMB_TRIDC2BG061830.1_05, and KUCMB_TRIDC2BG061830.1_08) showed PCR bands only in salinity-tolerant lines but not in moderately tolerant or susceptible lines. Therefore, the developed SNP markers may be used to screen the salinity tolerance of various durum wheat accessions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-44
Number of pages17
JournalActa Agriculturae Scandinavica - Section B Soil and Plant Science
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Durum wheat
  • RNA-Seq
  • molecular marker
  • salinity stress
  • salinity tolerance
  • single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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