The purpose of this study was to develop and preliminarily evaluate phospholipid-shelled nanodroplets (NDs) encapsulating perfluoropentane (PFP) and radioactive 64Cu as a hybrid positron emission tomography (PET)-ultrasound (US) probe. PFP NDs were fabricated by mixing liquid-phase PFP with a phospholipid solution. The 64Cu was encapsulated into the NDs in a size-controlled manner by exploiting the hydrophobicity of 64Cu-diacetyl-bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone) (64Cu-ATSM) using a vial mixer and an extruder. The fabricated 64Cu-loaded PFP NDs (64Cu-PFP NDs) were evaluated using in vitro/in vivo PET-computed tomography (PET-CT), US imaging and transmission electron microscopy. In the in vitro PET images, the 64Cu-PFP NDs were observed as a hot spot in the lower section of the test tube. In the acquired US images, the mean region of interest brightness values of 64Cu-PFP NDs were revealed by their strong echo image. In a tumor-bearing mouse animal model, tumor uptake of the 64Cu-PFP NDs was low, that is, approximately 65%, compared with that of only free 64Cu, as determined by PET-delayed imaging analysis. The dual-function concept of the NDs is expected to contribute to the prognosis and effectiveness of therapy by fusing the science and technology of nuclear medicine and US.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Oct|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics