Development of the integrated methanol fuel processor using micro-channel patterned devices and its performance for steam reforming of methanol

Jung Min Sohn, Young Chang Byun, Jun Yeon Cho, Jaehoon Choe, Kwang Ho Song

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59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A plate-type integrated fuel processor consisting of three different micro-structured modules was developed for hydrogen production in a 150 W PEMFC system. This system includes a reformer with combustor, two heat exchangers, and an evaporator with a combustor. Methanol steam reforming was chosen as a means to produce hydrogen for the PEMFC system. This system could be operated without any external heat supply. Hydrogen was used as the initial combustion fuel during startup, while methanol was used later. Cu / Zn / Al2 O3 and Pt / Al2 O3 catalysts were chosen for the steam reforming of methanol and the combustion, respectively, and coated on microchannel-patterned stainless steel sheets. The integrated system was operated consistently with 80% of methanol conversion at 300 {ring operator} C for 20 h without deactivation of the catalysts. The production rate on dry basis and the composition of hydrogen was 2.4 NL min- 1 and ca 70%, respectively. Overall the thermal efficiency of this fuel processor based on the LHV was 56.7%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5103-5108
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume32
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 1

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Keywords

  • Hydrogen
  • Methanol reforming
  • Microchannel reactor
  • Plate type fuel processor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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