Development of the Sleep Quality Scale

Hyeryeon Yi, Kyungrim Shin, Chol Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sleep quality affects health and the overall quality of life. As the factors that influence sleep quality and their relative importance vary among individuals, a self-report method is essential. Although various questionnaires have been used to assess sleep quality, few all-inclusive assessment scales have been developed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for measuring sleep quality and to study its validity and reliability. A Sleep Quality Scale (SQS) was developed using item analysis and factor analysis on items with content validity. SQS, composed of 28 items and six factors, accounted for 62.6% of the total variance. The difference of SQS score between insomniacs and normal subjects confirmed the construct validity (t = -13.8, P = 0.000). Concurrent validity was identified by the significant correlation of SQS with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (r = 0.72, P = 0.000). The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.92 for internal consistency and the correlation coefficient was 0.81 for test-retest reliability at a 2-week interval. The developed SQS was therefore confirmed to be a valid and reliable instrument for the comprehensive assessment of sleep quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-316
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sleep Research
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 1

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Keywords

  • Reliability
  • Sleep quality scale
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

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