Di- and Triterpenoids from the Leaves of Casearia balansae and Neurite Outgrowth Promoting Effects of PC12 Cells

Jing Xu, Jing Kang, Xiaocong Sun, Xiangrong Cao, Kasimu Rena, Dongho Lee, Quanhui Ren, Shen Li, Yasushi Ohizumi, Yuanqiang Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)


A bioassay-guided phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Casearia balansae led to the isolation of six new cucurbitane-type triterpenoid derivatives (balanterpenes A-F, 1-6) and four new clerdoane-type diterpenoids (balanterpenes G-J, 7-10). The structures of 1-10 were established on the basis of extensive analysis of NMR spectroscopic data, X-ray crystallography, and experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism spectra. Compound 1 features a ring-expanded triterpenoid skeleton with the C-19 methyl involved in the ring formation, compound 6 possesses a rare hexanortriterpenoid scaffold, and compounds 7-10 may be four new diterpenoid artifacts presumably formed during the extraction and purification processes. Compounds 3 and 7-10 showed promoting effects on neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells with EC50 values in the range 2.9-10.0 μM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-179
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 22


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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