Diagnosis of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) with Structured Latent Multi-View Representation Learning

Hengyuan Kang, Liming Xia, Fuhua Yan, Zhibin Wan, Feng Shi, Huan Yuan, Huiting Jiang, Dijia Wu, He Sui, Changqing Zhang, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly across the world. Due to the large number of infected patients and heavy labor for doctors, computer-aided diagnosis with machine learning algorithm is urgently needed, and could largely reduce the efforts of clinicians and accelerate the diagnosis process. Chest computed tomography (CT) has been recognized as an informative tool for diagnosis of the disease. In this study, we propose to conduct the diagnosis of COVID-19 with a series of features extracted from CT images. To fully explore multiple features describing CT images from different views, a unified latent representation is learned which can completely encode information from different aspects of features and is endowed with promising class structure for separability. Specifically, the completeness is guaranteed with a group of backward neural networks (each for one type of features), while by using class labels the representation is enforced to be compact within COVID-19/community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and also a large margin is guaranteed between different types of pneumonia. In this way, our model can well avoid overfitting compared to the case of directly projecting high-dimensional features into classes. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms all comparison methods, and rather stable performances are observed when varying the number of training data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9086482
Pages (from-to)2606-2614
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Chest computed tomography (CT)
  • Multi-view representation learning
  • Pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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