Objective This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) for patients with gout. Methods We searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases, and performed a meta-analysis on the diagnostic accuracy of DECT in patients with gout. Results A total of eight studies including 510 patients with gout and 268 controls (patients with non-gout inflammatory arthritis) were available for the meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of DECT were 84.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 81.3–87.7) and 93.7% (93.0–96.3), respectively. The positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio were 9.882 (6.122–15.95), 0.163 (0.097–0.272), and 78.10 (31.14–195.84), respectively. The area under the curve of DECT was 0.956 and the Q* index was 0.889, indicating a high diagnostic accuracy. Some between-study heterogeneity was found in the meta-analyses. However, there was no evidence of a threshold effect (Spearman correlation coefficient = 0.419; p = 0.035). In addition, meta-regression showed that the sample size, study design, and diagnostic criteria were not sources of heterogeneity, and subgroup meta-analyses did not change the overall diagnostic accuracy. Conclusions Our meta-analysis of published studies demonstrates that DECT has a high diagnostic accuracy and plays an important role in the diagnosis of gout.
- Diagnostic accuracy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine