Diagnostic delay in inflammatory bowel disease increases the risk of intestinal surgery

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Abstract

AIM To investigate the factors affecting diagnostic delay and outcomes of diagnostic delay in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) METHODS We retrospectively studied 165 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 130 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who were diagnosed and had follow up durations > 6 mo at Korea University Ansan Hospital from January 2000 to December 2015. A diagnostic delay was defined as the time interval between the first symptom onset and IBD diagnosis in which the 76th to 100th percentiles of patients were diagnosed. RESULTS The median diagnostic time interval was 6.2 and 2.4 mo in the patients with CD and UC, respectively. Among the initial symptoms, perianal discomfort before diagnosis (OR = 10.2, 95%CI: 1.93-54.3, P = 0.006) was associated with diagnostic delays in patients with CD; however, no clinical factor was associated with diagnostic delays in patients with UC. Diagnostic delays, stricturing type, and penetrating type were associated with increased intestinal surgery risks in CD (OR = 2.54, 95%CI: 1.06-6.09; OR = 4.44, 95%CI: 1.67-11.8; OR = 3.79, 95%CI: 1.14-12.6, respectively). In UC, a diagnostic delay was the only factor associated increased intestinal surgery risks (OR = 6.81, 95%CI: 1.12-41.4). CONCLUSION A diagnostic delay was associated with poor outcomes, such as increased intestinal surgery risks in patients with CD and UC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6474-6481
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume23
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 21

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Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • Diagnostic delay
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Intestinal surgery
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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