Dielectric and electromechanical properties of LiNbO3-modified (BiNa)TiO3-(BaCa)TiO3 lead-free piezoceramics

Arif Zaman, Ali Hussain, Rizwan Ahmed Malik, Adnan Maqbool, Sahn Nahm, Myong Ho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


The dielectric and electromechanical properties of LiNbO3-modified (1-x) [0.91Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-0.09Ba0.70Ca0.30TiO3]-xLiNbO3 (abbreviated as (BiNa)TiO3-(BaCa)TiO3-LN) lead-free piezoceramics were investigated. The electrical properties revealed that the addition of LiNbO3 (LN) induces a phase transition from a non-ergodic relaxor to an ergodic relaxor in the (BiNa)TiO3-(BaCa)TiO3-LN system. A large electrostrain of ∼0.418% with a normalized strain of ∼690 pm V-1 at 6 kV mm-1 was observed at the coexistence of the non-ergodic relaxor and ergodic relaxor phases for LN 0.020, where a field-assisted reversible phase transition between metastable ferroelectric and stable ergodic relaxor phases occurs. Subsequently, a gradual enhancement in the temperature stability of the dielectric constant was observed. At 3 mol.% LN, a nearly constant temperature and a frequency-invariant permittivity of ϵr ∼ 3300 over a broad temperature range of 147 °C-306 °C was observed along with small losses from room temperature up to 400 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175301
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 24


  • ferroelectric
  • field-induced strain
  • lead-free piezoelectrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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