Purpose: To determine whether age of onset influences surgical outcomes in infantile exotropia. Methods: The medical records of patients at our tertiary care facility who underwent bilateral lateral rectus recession for infantile exotropia during the period 2004-2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were grouped by onset age: 6 months or earlier (E6 group) or later than 6 months (L6 group). Motor outcomes, near stereoacuity, and distance fusional status in both groups were evaluated. Results: A total of 134 patients were included: 35 in the E6 group and 99 in the L6 group. At a mean follow-up of 4.6 years, recurrence occurred in 12 (34%) of the E6 group and 38 (38%) of the L6 group (P = 0.496). Overcorrection occurred in 3 (9%) of the E6 group and in 4 (4%) of the L6 group (P = 0.341). In the analysis of 109 patients eligible for sensory examinations, the E6 group demonstrated a higher proportion of patients with reduced stereoacuity of 80 arcsec or worse (54% vs 25% [P = 0.007]) and suppression (46% vs 12% [P < 0.001]) compared with those in the L6 group. In logistic regression analyses, onset of ≤6 months was significantly associated with reduced stereoacuity (OR = 6.42) and suppression (OR = 37.67) but not with recurrence or overcorrection. Conclusions: In our study cohort, age of onset ≤6 months was associated with worse sensory prognosis for children with infantile exotropia but not with a difference in motor outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health