We previously demonstrated the presence of three distinct types of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) in a bullfrog (denoted bfGnRHR-1, bfGnRHR-2, and bfGnRHR-3). The bfGnRHRs exhibited differential tissue distribution and ligand selectivity. In the present study, we demonstrated the desensitization and internalization kinetics of these receptors in both transiently-transfected HEK293 cells and retrovirus-mediated stable cells. The time-course accumulation of the inositol phosphate in response to GnRH revealed that bfGnRHR-1 and -2 were rapidly desensitized, whereas bfGnRHR-3 was slowly desensitized. A comparison of the internalization kinetics revealed the most rapid rate and highest extent of internalization of bfGnRHR-2 among the three receptors. Interestingly, the mechanisms that underlie the receptor internalization appear to differ from each other. Internalization of bfGnRHR-1 was dependent on both dynamin and β-arrestin, whereas those of bfGnRHR-2 and -3 were dependent on dynamin, but not on β-arrestin. These results, therefore, suggest that differential regulatory mechanisms for desensitization and internalization of the GnRHR are involved in diverse cellular and physiological responses to GnRH stimulation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Molecules and Cells|
|Publication status||Published - 2002 Aug 1|
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology