Differential Prognostic Effect Between First- and Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in Coronary Bifurcation Lesions: Patient-Level Analysis of the Korean Bifurcation Pooled Cohorts

Joo Myung Lee, Joo Yong Hahn, Jeehoon Kang, Kyung Woo Park, Woo Jung Chun, Seung-Woon Rha, Cheol Woong Yu, Jin Ok Jeong, Myung Ho Jeong, Jung Han Yoon, Yangsoo Jang, Seung Jea Tahk, Hyeon Cheol Gwon, Bon Kwon Koo, Hyo Soo Kim

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Abstract

Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the differential clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary bifurcation lesions with 1- or 2-stenting techniques using first- or second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES). Background The 2-stenting technique has been regarded to have worse clinical outcomes than the 1-stenting technique after bifurcation PCI with first-generation DES. However, there has been a paucity of data comparing the 1- and 2-stenting techniques with the use of second-generation DES. Methods Patient-level pooled analysis was performed with 3,162 patients undergoing PCI using first- or second-generation DES for bifurcation lesions from the "Korean Bifurcation Pooled Cohorts" (COBIS [Coronary Bifurcation Stenting] II, EXCELLENT [Registry to Evaluate Efficacy of Xience/Promus Versus Cypher in Reducing Late Loss After Stenting], and RESOLUTE-Korea [Registry to Evaluate the Efficacy of Zotarolimus-Eluting Stent]). The 3-year clinical outcomes were compared between 1- and 2-stenting techniques, stratified by the type of DES. Results With first-generation DES, rates of target lesion failure (TLF) or patient-oriented composite outcome (POCO) (a composite of all death, any myocardial infarction, any repeat revascularization, and cerebrovascular accidents) at 3 years were significantly higher after the 2-stenting than the 1-stenting technique (TLF 8.6% vs. 17.5%; p < 0.001; POCO 18.1% vs. 28.5%, p < 0.001). With second-generation DES, however, there was no difference between 1- and 2-stenting techniques (TLF 5.4% vs. 5.8%; p = 0.768; POCO 11.2% vs. 12.9%; p = 0.995). The differential effects of 2-stenting technique on the prognosis according to the type of DES were also corroborated with similar results by the inverse probability weighted model. The 2-stenting technique was a significant independent predictor of TLF in first-generation DES (hazard ratio: 2.046; 95% confidence interval: 1.114 to 3.759; p < 0.001), but not in second-generation DES (hazard ratio: 0.667; 95% confidence interval: 0.247 to 1.802; p = 0.425). Conclusions Patient-level pooled analysis of 3,162 patients in Korean Bifurcation Pooled Cohorts demonstrated that the 2-stenting technique showed comparable outcomes to 1-stenting technique with second-generation DES, which is different from the results of first-generation DES favoring the 1-stenting technique.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2066
Pages (from-to)1318-1331
Number of pages14
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 24

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Keywords

  • bifurcation
  • clinical outcome
  • coronary bifurcation lesion
  • drug-eluting stent
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Lee, J. M., Hahn, J. Y., Kang, J., Park, K. W., Chun, W. J., Rha, S-W., Yu, C. W., Jeong, J. O., Jeong, M. H., Yoon, J. H., Jang, Y., Tahk, S. J., Gwon, H. C., Koo, B. K., & Kim, H. S. (2015). Differential Prognostic Effect Between First- and Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in Coronary Bifurcation Lesions: Patient-Level Analysis of the Korean Bifurcation Pooled Cohorts. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, 8(10), 1318-1331. [2066]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2015.05.014