Differential role of CYP2E1 binders and isoniazid on CYP2E1 protein modification in NADPH-dependent microsomal oxidative reactions: Free radical scavenging ability of isoniazid

Dal Woong Choi, Brigitte Leininger-Muller, Young Chul Kim, Pierre Leroy, Gerard Siest, Maria Wellman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated the effect of "weak" CYP2E1 binders (ethanol, acetone and glycerol) "tight" CYP2E1 binders (4-methylpyrazole, imidazole, isoniazid and pyridine) and CCl4 (suicide substrate of CYP2E1) on the NADPH-dependent production of microsomal reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation (LPO), and subsequent modification of microsomal and CYP2E1 proteins. The oxidation of 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFHDA) was used as an index of formation of microsomal ROS and LPO-derived reactive species. Microsomal LPO was determined by malondialdehyde (MDA) HPLC measurement. Addition of NADPH to rat liver microsomes initiated DCFHDA oxidation and MDA formation, leading to further selective modification of microsomal proteins and proteases-independent degradation of CYP2E1 protein. Iron chelators prevented these processes whereas hydroxyl radical scavengers showed weak effects, suggesting an important role of LPO. Among the tested CYP2E1 binders, only isoniazid strongly inhibited NADPH-dependent DCFHDA oxidation, LPO and modification of microsomal proteins. Other CYP2E1 binders showed weak inhibitory effects of these processes. Concerning NADPH-dependent modification of CYP2E1 protein, all of the tested CYP2E1 binders, except glycerol, prevented this process with a different potency (isoniazid > 4-methylpyrazole = imidazole = pyridine ≫ acetone > ethanol). "Tight" binders were more effective than "weak" binders. The CCl4 stimulated the DCFHDA oxidation, LPO and CYP2E1 protein modification. Among the tested CYP2E1 binders, only isoniazid effectively scavenged 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radicals. In microsomes isolated from CYP2E1 transfected HepG2 cells, isoniazid inhibited the CYP2E1-dependent DCFHDA oxidation whereas other CYP2E1 binders did not inhibit this reaction although these compounds strongly inhibited CYP2E1 activity. The present study demonstrates that CYP2E1 binders and isoniazid differentially inhibit LPO-catalyzed oxidative modification of CYP2E1 protein in NADPH-dependent microsomal reactions. It seems that CYP2E1 binders protect CYP2E1 from the oxidative modification mainly by binding to the active site of the enzyme, rather than by blocking the reactive species production. The strong protective effect of isoniazid can be attributed to its ability to scavenge free radicals. These effects of CYP2E1 binders are considered to contribute to the regulation of hepatic CYP2E1 protein levels via stabilization of the protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-903
Number of pages11
JournalFree Radical Research
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Aug

Keywords

  • "Tight" binders
  • "Weak" binders
  • CYP2E1 protein modification
  • Isoniazid
  • LPO
  • ROS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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