Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a recent technological advance of ultrasonography (US) to assess tissue stiffness. The purpose of this study is to assess tissue stiffness of malignant cervical lymph nodes (LN) with SWE, to reveal diagnostic performance of SWE in differentiating metastatic LN from lymphoma, and to assess inter-observer agreement of SWE. We assessed 62 malignant LN (24 lymphomas and 38 metastatic LN) and their median speed was 6.34 m/s and median elasticity was 69.7 kPa. Add of SWE with conventional US improved diagnostic accuracy of differentiating metastasis from lymphoma (16.13, 8.07 and 11.3% for three radiologists). Kendall’s Coefficient of Concordance of three readers for analyzing SWE patterns was 0.86. SWE can be a useful tool to discriminate metastatic cervical LN from lymphoma with improvement of diagnostic accuracy when using with conventional US.
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