A simple and practical method to measure three-dimensional (3-D) refractive index (RI) distributions of biological cells is presented. A common-path self-reference interferometry consisting of a compact set of polarizers is attached to a conventional inverted microscope equipped with a beam scanning unit, which can precisely measure multiple 2-D holograms of a sample with high phase stability for various illumination angles, from which accurate 3-D optical diffraction tomograms of the sample can be reconstructed. 3-D RI tomograms of nonbiological samples such as polystyrene microspheres, as well as biological samples including human red blood cells and breast cancer cells, are presented.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics