Diffuse intraabdominal fibrosis and inflammation mimicking peritoneal carcinomatosis recurred after surgery for borderline ovarian tumor misdiagnosed by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography

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Background: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) adds to conventional imaging in the detection and staging of peritoneal carcinomatosis. Case report: Herein we report a 27-year-old woman with multiple intraperitoneal masses detected by 18F-FDG-PET, suggesting peritoneal carcinomatosis. She had undergone laparoscopic unilateral oophorectomy for a left ovarian mucinous borderline tumor approximately five years before. Based on imaging and intraoperative findings, multiple intraabdominal masses strongly suggested peritoneal recurrence from a previous ovarian borderline tumor, but it finally proved to be inflammation and fibrosis on histopathologic examination. Conclusion: Although 18F-FDG-PET is well known to be a highly sensitive imaging tool for identification of peritoneal carcinomatosis, FDG uptake is not tumor-specific. Therefore, the possibility of a false-positive diagnosis due to benign conditions, such as inflammation, should always be taken into consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-233
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 11



  • F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography
  • Fibrosis
  • Inflammation
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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