Diffusion and perfusion MRI findings of the signal-intensity abnormalities of brain associated with developmental venous anomaly

H. N. Jung, Sung Tae Kim, J. Cha, H. J. Kim, H. S. Byun, P. Jeon, K. H. Kim, Byungjun Kim, H. J. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Developmental venous anomalies are the most common intracranial vascular malformation. Increased signal-intensity on T2-FLAIR images in the areas drained by developmental venous anomalies are encountered occasionally on brain imaging studies. We evaluated diffusion and perfusion MR imaging findings of the abnormally high signal intensity associated with developmental venous anomalies to describe their pathophysiologic nature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed imaging findings of 34 subjects with signal-intensity abnormalities associated with developmental venous anomalies. All subjects underwent brain MR imaging with contrast and diffusion and perfusion MR imaging. Regions of interest were placed covering abnormally high signal intensity around developmental venous anomalies on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging, and the same ROIs were drawn on the corresponding sections of the diffusion and perfusion MR imaging. We measured the apparent diffusion coefficient, relative cerebral blood volume, relative mean transit time, and time-to-peak of the signal-intensity abnormalities around developmental venous anomalies and compared them with the contralateral normal white matter. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The means of ADC, relative cerebral blood volume, relative mean transit time, and TTP of signal-intensity abnormalities around developmental venous anomalies were calculated as follows: 0.98 ± 0.13 10-3mm 2/s, 195.67 ± 102.18 mL/100 g, 16.74 ± 7.38 seconds, and 11.65 ± 7.49 seconds, respectively. The values of normal WM were as follows: 0.74 ± 0.08 10-3mm2/s for ADC, 48.53 ± 22.85 mL/100 g for relative cerebral blood volume, 12.12 ± 4.27 seconds for relative mean transit time, and 8.35 ± 3.89 seconds for TTP. All values of ADC, relative cerebral blood volume, relative mean transit time, and TTP in the signal-intensity abnormalities around developmental venous anomalies were statistically higher than those of normal WM (All P < .001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The diffusion and perfusion MR imaging findings of the signal-intensity abnormalities associated with developmental venous anomaly suggest that the nature of the lesion is vasogenic edema with congestion and delayed perfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1542
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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