Diffusion barrier coating using a newly developed blowing coating method for a thermally stable Pd membrane deposited on porous stainless-steel support

Jae Yun Han, Chang Hyun Kim, Hankwon Lim, Kwan Young Lee, Shin Kun Ryi

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we present an intermetallic diffusion barrier coating using a newly developed blowing coating method for a thermally stable Pd-based composite membrane on porous stainless steel (PSS). A tubular PSS sample with 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) in diameter and 450 mm in length was used for the support. The support was welded with a stainless-steel cap and a 450-mm-long stainless-steel tube for each end. Before the diffusion barrier coating, the large-sized entrance pores were gradually blocked with sub-micron (∼500 nm) and nano (50–80 nm) yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ). 8YSZ, i.e., 8wt.% YSZ, was used for the interdiffusion barrier material and dispersed on the surface of the pre-treated PSS using the blowing coating method. The blowing coating method has 4 steps: (i) spraying the 17 wt. % 8YSZ paste on the surface of the PSS tube, (ii) blowing the paste using compressed air, (iii) drying at room temperature, and (iv) heat treatment at 923 K for 2 h in air. Steps (i) and (ii) were repeated 3 times to have a ∼240 nm thick 8YSZ layer. A thin palladium layer (∼3 μm) was deposited on the pre-treated PSS using electroless plating, and the membrane stability was tested at 673–773 K for ∼ 200 h. A hydrogen permeation flux of 9.86 × 10−2 mol m−2 s−1 and an H2/N2 selectivity of 595 were obtained at 773 K and a transmembrane pressure difference of 20 kPa. The surface and cross-sectional SEM/EDX analysis confirmed that the 8YSZ layer sufficiently prevented the interdiffusion between Pd and PSS elements, such as Fe, Cr and Ni.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12310-12319
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume42
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 27

Keywords

  • Blowing coating
  • Diffusion barrier
  • Hydrogen separation
  • Pd composite membrane
  • YSZ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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