Perivascular space facilitates cerebral interstitial water clearance. However, it is unclear how dilated perivascular space (dPVS) affects the interstitial water of surrounding white matter. We aimed to determine the presence and extent of changes in normal-appearing white matter water components around dPVS in different populations. Twenty healthy elderly subjects and 15 elderly subjects with severe cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD, with lacunar infarction 6 months before the scan) were included in our study. And other 28 healthy adult subjects were enrolled under a different scanning parameter to see if the results are comparable. The normal-appearing white matter around dPVS was categorized into 10 layers (1 mm thickness each) based on their distance to dPVS. We evaluated the mean isotropic-diffusing water volume fraction in each layer. We discovered a significantly reduced free-water content in the layers closely adjacent to the dPVS in the healthy elderlies. however, this reduction around dPVS was weaker in the CSVD subjects. We also discovered an elevated free-water content within dPVS. DPVS played different roles in healthy subjects or CSVD subjects. The reduced water content around dPVS in healthy subjects suggests these MR-visible PVSs are not always related to the stagnation of fluid.
- cerebral small vessel disease
- Perivascular space
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine