Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) is an exopeptidase that modulates the function of several substrates, among which insulin-releasing incretin hormones are the most well known. DPPIV also modulate substrates involved in inflammation, cell migration, and cell differentiation. Although DPPIV is highly expressed in proximal renal tubular cells, the role of DPPIV inhibition in renal disease is not fully understood. For this reason, we investigated the effects of LC15-0444, a DPPIV inhibitor, on renal function in a mouse model of renal fibrosis. Eight-week-old C57/BL6 mice were subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and were treated with LC15-0444 (a DPPIV inhibitor) at a dose of 150 mg/kg per day in food or vehicle for 14 days. DPPIV activity was significantly increased in obstructed kidneys, and reduced after treatment with LC15-0444. Administration of LC15-0444 resulted in a significant decrease in albuminuria, urinary excretion of 8-isoprostane, and renal fibrosis. DPPIV inhibition also substantially decreased the synthesis of several proinflammatory and profibrotic molecules, as well as the infiltration of macrophages. UUO significantly increased, and LC15-0444 markedly suppressed, levels of phosphorylated Smad2/3, TGFβ1, toll-like receptor 4, high-mobility group box-1, NADPH oxidase 4, and NF-κB. These results suggest that activation of DPPIV in the kidney has a role in the progression of renal disease and that targeted therapy inhibiting DPPIV may prove to be a useful new approach in the management of progressive renal disease, independent of mechanisms mediated by glucagon-like peptide-1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology