Disability-Adjusted Life years for 313 diseases and injuries: The 2012 Korean burden of disease study

Jihyun Yoon, In Hwan Oh, Hyeyoung Seo, Eun Jung Kim, Young hoon Gong, Minsu Ock, Dohee Lim, Won Kyung Lee, Ye Rin Lee, Dongwoo Kim, Min Woo Jo, Hyesook Park, Seok-Jun Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is part of a 5-year research project on the national burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in Korea. Using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a metric introduced by the 1990 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, we performed a comprehensive and detailed assessment of the magnitude and distribution of both fatal and non-fatal health problems in the Korean population. The concept and general approach were consistent with the original GBD study, with some methodological modifications to make the study more suitable for Korea. We computed DALYs for 313 causes in both sexes and nine age groups using the entire population's medical records and newly generated Korean disability weights. In 2012, the dominant disease burden was non-communicable diseases, which accounted for 85.21% of total DALYs, while injuries accounted for 7.77% and communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders for 7.02%. Of the total DALYs, 88.67% were from years lived with disability and 11.32% were from years of life lost due to premature mortality. Diabetes mellitus was the leading cause of DALYs, followed by low back pain, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ischemic heart disease, ischemic stroke, cirrhosis of the liver, falls, osteoarthritis, motorized vehicle with three or more wheels, and self-harm. The results reported here identify key health challenges and opportunities for future health interventions and policy changes, and provide information that will help assess the major public health issues in Korea, a nation faced with one of the world's most rapidly ageing populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S146-S157
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Korea
Wounds and Injuries
Nutrition Disorders
Population
Premature Mortality
Health
Health Policy
Low Back Pain
Osteoarthritis
Liver Cirrhosis
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Medical Records
Myocardial Ischemia
Diabetes Mellitus
Public Health
Age Groups
Stroke
Mothers
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Burden of Disease
  • Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY)
  • Health Policy
  • Korea
  • Population Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Disability-Adjusted Life years for 313 diseases and injuries : The 2012 Korean burden of disease study. / Yoon, Jihyun; Oh, In Hwan; Seo, Hyeyoung; Kim, Eun Jung; Gong, Young hoon; Ock, Minsu; Lim, Dohee; Lee, Won Kyung; Lee, Ye Rin; Kim, Dongwoo; Jo, Min Woo; Park, Hyesook; Yoon, Seok-Jun.

In: Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol. 31, 01.01.2016, p. S146-S157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoon, J, Oh, IH, Seo, H, Kim, EJ, Gong, YH, Ock, M, Lim, D, Lee, WK, Lee, YR, Kim, D, Jo, MW, Park, H & Yoon, S-J 2016, 'Disability-Adjusted Life years for 313 diseases and injuries: The 2012 Korean burden of disease study', Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 31, pp. S146-S157. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2016.31.S2.S146
Yoon, Jihyun ; Oh, In Hwan ; Seo, Hyeyoung ; Kim, Eun Jung ; Gong, Young hoon ; Ock, Minsu ; Lim, Dohee ; Lee, Won Kyung ; Lee, Ye Rin ; Kim, Dongwoo ; Jo, Min Woo ; Park, Hyesook ; Yoon, Seok-Jun. / Disability-Adjusted Life years for 313 diseases and injuries : The 2012 Korean burden of disease study. In: Journal of Korean Medical Science. 2016 ; Vol. 31. pp. S146-S157.
@article{0d7a553f86d842f498127638de582a41,
title = "Disability-Adjusted Life years for 313 diseases and injuries: The 2012 Korean burden of disease study",
abstract = "This study is part of a 5-year research project on the national burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in Korea. Using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a metric introduced by the 1990 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, we performed a comprehensive and detailed assessment of the magnitude and distribution of both fatal and non-fatal health problems in the Korean population. The concept and general approach were consistent with the original GBD study, with some methodological modifications to make the study more suitable for Korea. We computed DALYs for 313 causes in both sexes and nine age groups using the entire population's medical records and newly generated Korean disability weights. In 2012, the dominant disease burden was non-communicable diseases, which accounted for 85.21{\%} of total DALYs, while injuries accounted for 7.77{\%} and communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders for 7.02{\%}. Of the total DALYs, 88.67{\%} were from years lived with disability and 11.32{\%} were from years of life lost due to premature mortality. Diabetes mellitus was the leading cause of DALYs, followed by low back pain, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ischemic heart disease, ischemic stroke, cirrhosis of the liver, falls, osteoarthritis, motorized vehicle with three or more wheels, and self-harm. The results reported here identify key health challenges and opportunities for future health interventions and policy changes, and provide information that will help assess the major public health issues in Korea, a nation faced with one of the world's most rapidly ageing populations.",
keywords = "Burden of Disease, Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY), Health Policy, Korea, Population Health",
author = "Jihyun Yoon and Oh, {In Hwan} and Hyeyoung Seo and Kim, {Eun Jung} and Gong, {Young hoon} and Minsu Ock and Dohee Lim and Lee, {Won Kyung} and Lee, {Ye Rin} and Dongwoo Kim and Jo, {Min Woo} and Hyesook Park and Seok-Jun Yoon",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3346/jkms.2016.31.S2.S146",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "S146--S157",
journal = "Journal of Korean Medical Science",
issn = "1011-8934",
publisher = "Korean Academy of Medical Science",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disability-Adjusted Life years for 313 diseases and injuries

T2 - The 2012 Korean burden of disease study

AU - Yoon, Jihyun

AU - Oh, In Hwan

AU - Seo, Hyeyoung

AU - Kim, Eun Jung

AU - Gong, Young hoon

AU - Ock, Minsu

AU - Lim, Dohee

AU - Lee, Won Kyung

AU - Lee, Ye Rin

AU - Kim, Dongwoo

AU - Jo, Min Woo

AU - Park, Hyesook

AU - Yoon, Seok-Jun

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - This study is part of a 5-year research project on the national burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in Korea. Using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a metric introduced by the 1990 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, we performed a comprehensive and detailed assessment of the magnitude and distribution of both fatal and non-fatal health problems in the Korean population. The concept and general approach were consistent with the original GBD study, with some methodological modifications to make the study more suitable for Korea. We computed DALYs for 313 causes in both sexes and nine age groups using the entire population's medical records and newly generated Korean disability weights. In 2012, the dominant disease burden was non-communicable diseases, which accounted for 85.21% of total DALYs, while injuries accounted for 7.77% and communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders for 7.02%. Of the total DALYs, 88.67% were from years lived with disability and 11.32% were from years of life lost due to premature mortality. Diabetes mellitus was the leading cause of DALYs, followed by low back pain, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ischemic heart disease, ischemic stroke, cirrhosis of the liver, falls, osteoarthritis, motorized vehicle with three or more wheels, and self-harm. The results reported here identify key health challenges and opportunities for future health interventions and policy changes, and provide information that will help assess the major public health issues in Korea, a nation faced with one of the world's most rapidly ageing populations.

AB - This study is part of a 5-year research project on the national burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in Korea. Using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a metric introduced by the 1990 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, we performed a comprehensive and detailed assessment of the magnitude and distribution of both fatal and non-fatal health problems in the Korean population. The concept and general approach were consistent with the original GBD study, with some methodological modifications to make the study more suitable for Korea. We computed DALYs for 313 causes in both sexes and nine age groups using the entire population's medical records and newly generated Korean disability weights. In 2012, the dominant disease burden was non-communicable diseases, which accounted for 85.21% of total DALYs, while injuries accounted for 7.77% and communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders for 7.02%. Of the total DALYs, 88.67% were from years lived with disability and 11.32% were from years of life lost due to premature mortality. Diabetes mellitus was the leading cause of DALYs, followed by low back pain, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ischemic heart disease, ischemic stroke, cirrhosis of the liver, falls, osteoarthritis, motorized vehicle with three or more wheels, and self-harm. The results reported here identify key health challenges and opportunities for future health interventions and policy changes, and provide information that will help assess the major public health issues in Korea, a nation faced with one of the world's most rapidly ageing populations.

KW - Burden of Disease

KW - Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY)

KW - Health Policy

KW - Korea

KW - Population Health

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84995487753&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84995487753&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3346/jkms.2016.31.S2.S146

DO - 10.3346/jkms.2016.31.S2.S146

M3 - Article

C2 - 27775252

AN - SCOPUS:84995487753

VL - 31

SP - S146-S157

JO - Journal of Korean Medical Science

JF - Journal of Korean Medical Science

SN - 1011-8934

ER -