Discrete noise prediction of variable pitch cross-flow fans by unsteady Navier-Stokes computations

Yong Cho, Young June Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)


The unsteady viscous flow fields of a cross-flow fan are computed by time-accurately solving the two-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with the unstructured triangular mesh solver algorithms. Based on pressure fluctuation data acquired at the surfaces of 35 rotating blades and stabilizer, acoustic pressures are predicted by the Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings equation. The aerodynamic noise sources of the cross-flow fan are also identified by correlating the acoustic pressure fluctuations with the unsteady flow characteristics during one revolution of the impeller. The present method is applied to the uniform and random pitch fans to investigate their performance and aeroacoustic noise characteristics, especially the frequency modulation of the tonal noise at the blade passing frequency (BPF).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-550
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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