Discriminative detection of indoor volatile organic compounds using a sensor array based on pure and Fe-doped In2O3 nanofibers

Chul Soon Lee, Hua Yao Li, Bo Young Kim, Young Moo Jo, Hyung Gi Byun, In Sung Hwang, Faissal Abdel-Hady, Abdulaziz A. Wazzan, Jong Heun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


Representative indoor volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as benzene, xylene, toluene, formaldehyde, and ethanol need to be detected in a highly sensitive and discriminative manner because of their different impact on human health. In this study, pure and 0.05, 0.1, 0.3, and 0.5 at% Fe-doped In2O3 nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning and their gas sensing characteristics toward the aforementioned VOCs were investigated. The doping of In2O3 nanofiber sensor with 0.05 and 0.1 at% Fe shifted the temperature to show the maximum responses to benzene, xylene, and toluene, and reduced responses to ethanol and formaldehyde, thus demonstrating changed gas selectivity. The gas sensing characteristics of 0.5 at% Fe-doped In2O3 nanofiber sensor were substantially different from those of the other sensors. Significantly different gas sensing patterns of pure and Fe-doped In2O3 sensors could be used to discriminate between the five different VOCs at 375 °C and to distinguish between the aromatic and non-aromatic gases at all sensing temperatures. The mechanism underlying the Fe-induced change in gas sensing characteristics has been discussed in relation to the variation of catalytic activity, morphology, oxygen adsorption, and charge carrier concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 15


  • Gas sensor
  • InO
  • Indoor air quality
  • Oxide semiconductor
  • Volatile organic compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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