Disease burden of hospitalized community-acquired pneumonia in South Korea Analysis based on age and underlying medical conditions

Min Joo Choi, Joon Young Song, Ji Yun Noh, Jin Gu Yoon, Saem Na Lee, Jung Yeon Heo, Jae Won Yoon, Yu Mi Jo, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pneumonia is a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. Despite recognition of the importance of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults, limited epidemiologic information is available in South Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the disease burden of hospitalized CAP in adults aged ≥19 years and its epidemiologic trend using Health Insurance and Review Assessment (HIRA) data. This is a retrospective study using the HIRA database from year 2009 to 2013. We estimated the incidence rate and direct medical cost of hospitalized CAP in adults aged ≥19 years in South Korea. These were further analyzed with respect to age and underlying medical conditions. During 2009 to 2013, 1216,916 hospitalizations were recorded. On average, the annual age-adjusted incidence rate of hospitalized CAP was 626 per 100,000 persons, with the rate increasing with age. When stratified by age- and risk groups, elderly people ≥75 years showed the highest incidence rate of hospitalized CAP over 5-year study periods. With respect to the risk groups based on underlying medical conditions, incidence rate ratios were 2.04 to 5.86 for the high-risk group versus the low-risk group and 1.28 to 5.49 for the moderate-risk group versus the low-risk group. Overall, mean direct medical cost for hospitalized CAP was 1851 USD per capita during the 5-year period: 1263 USD in the low-risk group, 2353 USD in the moderate-risk group, and 2841 USD in the high-risk group. This study shows that the incidence and medical cost of hospitalized CAP were consistently high over the 5-year study period. In particular, elderly people and adults with underlying medical conditions were at increased risk for hospitalized CAP.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere8429
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume96
Issue number44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov

Keywords

  • Burden of disease
  • Healthcare cost
  • Incidence
  • Pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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