Distressed personality without a partner enhances the risk of depression in patients with coronary heart disease

Hong Euy Lim, Moon-Soo Lee, Young-Hoon Ko, Young Min Park, Changsu Han, Sook Haeng Joe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Cultural differences in the combined effects of Type D personality and other mediating factors in the Asian population have not been reported. We examined the influence of the Type D personality in relation to the presence of a partner by measuring symptoms of anxiety and depression, quality of life, self-perception of health status in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients and normal controls. Methods: Normal controls (n=541) and patients with CHD (n=110) were included. All participants completed self-report measures on Type D personality, questionnaires on socio-demographic factors, the Spielberger State and Trait Anxiety Inventory-State (STAI-S), and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). By stratifying participant group, personality type, and partner status, eight groups were constructed. Results: The subjects with Type D personality showed higher mean scores on the STAI-S and CES-D as well as perception of their health. In cases of depression, CHD patients with Type D personality and without partner showed about a 50-fold increase in odds ratio when compared with non-Type D normal controls with partners. Odds ratio for depression changed from 31.44 to 48.72 in CHD patients with Type D personality based on the existence of a partner. Discussion: Having a partner significantly predicted the risk of depression. It is important to identify social support systems in CHD patients with Type D personality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-292
Number of pages9
JournalAsia-Pacific Psychiatry
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Type D Personality
Coronary Disease
Personality
Depression
Anxiety
Epidemiologic Studies
Odds Ratio
Equipment and Supplies
Self Concept
Social Support
Self Report
Health Status
Quality of Life
Demography

Keywords

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Depression
  • Partner
  • Type D personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Distressed personality without a partner enhances the risk of depression in patients with coronary heart disease. / Lim, Hong Euy; Lee, Moon-Soo; Ko, Young-Hoon; Park, Young Min; Han, Changsu; Joe, Sook Haeng.

In: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, Vol. 5, No. 4, 01.12.2013, p. 284-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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