This study presents novel target altitude estimation schemes optimised for ground-based multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radars with widely separated antennae, where the antennae are located in a plane so that the altitudes of the antennae are close together. For the ground-based systems, existing target localisation methods based on linear least squares such as least square (LS) and bistatic range measurement (BRM) suffer from performance degradation in target altitude estimation and eventually fail in altitude localisation for a perfect ground-based system where the altitude of antennae are the same. The authors propose three target altitude estimation schemes based on linear least squares for the ground-based systems resolving the drawback of existing algorithms for the ground-based systems; extended BRM approach, which estimates the square of target altitude from the auxiliary parameters produced by BRM algorithm, ellipsoid fitting approach, which directly estimates the square of target altitude with other target position information, and extended ellipsoid fitting approach, which utilise the estimation results of ellipsoid fitting approach to improve the target altitude estimation performance. Performance improvement of the proposed algorithms is analysed in terms of mean squared error and simulation results verify the performance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering