DNA damage in T- and B-lymphocytes and granulocytes in emission inspection and incineration workers exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Dong Geun Sul, Eunha Oh, Hosub Im, Minho Yang, Chan Wha Kim, Eun Il Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated by using comet assay the effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) as a major factor on DNA damage of workers exposed to exhaust fumes. Twenty-four workers from three automobile emission inspection companies, 28 workers from a waste incinerating company, and 43 matched, unexposed healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. The mean values of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) in automobile emission inspection and waste incineration workers were 0.27±0.19 and 0.57±0.46μmol/mol creatinine, respectively, and the mean values of 2-naphthol in automobile emission inspectors and waste incineration workers were 4.80±4.01 and 8.30±4.79mol/mol creatinine, respectively. Significant difference in urinary metabolites, 1-hydroxypyrene and 2-naphthol was found between smokers and non-smokers in exposed groups and it may be due to the amounts of smoking cigarettes. In T-lymphocytes, DNA damage in control subjects, emission inspection workers and incineration workers were 1.42±0.22, 1.41±0.22 and 1.76±0.27, respectively. DNA damage of B-lymphocytes in the three groups showed the most significant differences of three cell types. The tail moments of the B-lymphocytes of control subjects, emission inspection and incineration workers were 1.40±0.27, 2.44±0.32 and 2.36±0.37, respectively. In granulocytes, DNA damage was also different, the tail moments being 2.72±0.59, 3.32±0.38 and 2.85±0.49, respectively. Although 1-OHP and 2-naphthol levels were statistically increased in smokers in workers exposed to PAHs, exposed smoking and non-smoking workers did not show any significantly difference in terms of Olive tail moments. Our results suggest that PAH causes single strand DNA breakage in human T- and B-lymphocytes, and granulocytes. A comparison of DNA damage in three groups showed that B-lymphocytes are useful target in the biomonitoring of human exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-119
Number of pages11
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Volume538
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul 8

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • 1-Hydroxypyrene
  • 2-Naphthol
  • Comet assay
  • Creatinine
  • Dioxin
  • Lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Genetics

Cite this