DNA-mediated immunization of glycoprotein 350 of Epstein-Barr virus induces the effective humoral and cellular immune responses against the antigen

Sojin Jung, Young Kwan Chung, Sun Hwa Chang, Ju Kim, Hak Ryul Kim, Hyon Seok Jang, Jeong Chae Lee, Gook Hyun Chung, Yong Suk Jang

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human pathogen that is involved in numerous diseases and tumors. Since the EBV infection occurs in the early ages of life, and most of the population is subsequently exposed to EBV, the conventional method of vaccination to induce the prophylactic immunity cannot be considered effective in coping with the virus infection. In this study, we tested whether the injection of a plasmid vector that contained the gene for glycoprotein 350 (gp350), which had been identified as a ligand for virus' adsorption and a target for virus neutralizing antibodies, could induce effective immune responses against the antigen. As a result, the injection of the constructed plasmid vector into mice induced the production of gp350-specific antibodies. A major isotype of the gp350-specific antibodies was IgG1. The antibodies efficiently mediated the antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity against the cells expressing the gp350 antigen. In addition, the injection of the constructed plasmid vector stimulated the precursor T cell population that was specific to the gp350 antigen. In addition, gp350-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes were efficiently stimulated by the injection of the constructed plasmid vector. These results suggested that the injection of the plasmid vector, containing the gp350 gene of Epstein-Barr virus, could be one of the most effective ways to induce both prophylactic and therapeutic vaccinations against the virus infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-49
Number of pages9
JournalMolecules and cells
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Aug 31

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte
  • DNA Vaccine
  • Epstein-Barr Virus
  • gp350

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Jung, S., Chung, Y. K., Chang, S. H., Kim, J., Kim, H. R., Jang, H. S., Lee, J. C., Chung, G. H., & Jang, Y. S. (2001). DNA-mediated immunization of glycoprotein 350 of Epstein-Barr virus induces the effective humoral and cellular immune responses against the antigen. Molecules and cells, 12(1), 41-49.