Does the kyphotic change decrease the risk of fall?

Chang Jae Choi, Hyun Woo Lim, Moo Kyun Park, Jae Gu Cho, Gi Jung Im, Sung Won Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. Falls are a major problem in the elderly. Age-related degeneration of the human balance system increases the risk of falls. Kyphosis is a common condition of curvature of the upper spine in the elderly and its development occurs through degenerative change. However, relatively little is known about the effect of kyphotic changes on balance in the elderly. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of kyphosis on the balance strategy through use of the motor control test (MCT) in computerized dynamic posturography. Methods. Fifty healthy subjects who were not affected by other medical disorders that could affect gait or balance were enrolled in the study. By simulation of kyphotic condition through change of the angles of the line connecting the shoulder to the hip and the ankle axis by approximately 30°, the latency and amplitude of the MCT were measured in upright and kyphotic condition. Results. In the kyphotic condition, latency was shortened in backward movement. In forward movement, latency was shortened only in large stimulation. The amplitude in forward movement was decreased in kyphotic condition. However, the change of amplitude was not significant in large intensity backward movement in the same condition. Conclusion. Kyphotic condition decreases the latency of MCT, especially in backward movement. These findings imply that kyphotic condition may serve as a protective factor against falls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-121
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep

Keywords

  • Accidental falls
  • Dynamic posturography
  • Kyphosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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