Drug repositioning has garnered attention as an alternative strategy to the discovery and development of novel anticancer drug candidates. In this study, we screened 321 FDA-approved drugs against nonirradiated and irradiated MCF-7 cells, revealing that aripiprazole, a dopamine receptor D2 (D2R) partial agonist, enhances the radiosensitivity of MCF-7 cells. Unexpectedly, D2R-selective antagonist treatment significantly enhanced the radiosensitizing effects of aripiprazole and prevented aripiprazole-induced 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation. Direct AMPK activation with A769662 treatment blunted the radiosensitizing effects of aripiprazole. These results indicate that aripiprazole has potential as a radiosensitizing drug. Furthermore, prevention of D2R/AMPK activation might enhance these anticancer effects of aripiprazole in breast cancer cells.
- breast cancer
- dopamine receptor
- drug repositioning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)