Double Gyroids for Frequency-Isolated Weyl Points in the Visible Regime and Interference Lithographic Design

Haedong Park, Seungwoo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Easy-to-craft photonic crystals enabling frequency-isolated Weyl points, especially at visible wavelengths, are yet to be developed. To this end, we exploited double gyroid (DG) crystals with Parity (P)-breaking and nanoscale unit cells, which are readily compatible with currently accessible interference lithography (IL). By modulating a level-set equation, we designed the D2-symmetric single gyroid (SG), perturbed from an O-symmetric SG, and found that the DG crystals, consisting of D2- and O-symmetric SGs with opposite chirality, can exhibit frequency-isolated Weyl points. As a route to the fabrication of the designed P-breaking DG crystals with a nanoscale unit cell, the IL condition was defined in terms of (i) wavenumbers of multiple beams and (ii) their own complex electric fields. Our lithographically designed nanoscale DG crystals, even with a practical material condition, exhibited the Weyl points whose wavelengths were totally separated from other neighboring bands. Given the established design strategy suitable for a practical processing (e.g., IL), we have provided a viable route for on-chip integration of such Weyl materials, enabling topologically nontrivial surface states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1577-1585
Number of pages9
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 17


  • D-symmetric gyroid
  • Weyl point
  • frequency-isolation
  • interference lithography
  • topological photonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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