Double-Layer Structured CO2 Adsorbent Functionalized with Modified Polyethyleneimine for High Physical and Chemical Stability

Sunbin Jeon, Hyunchul Jung, Sung Hyun Kim, Ki Bong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CO2 capture using polyethyleneimine (PEI)-impregnated silica adsorbents has been receiving a lot of attention. However, the absence of physical stability (evaporation and leaching of amine) and chemical stability (urea formation) of the PEI-impregnated silica adsorbent has been generally established. Therefore, in this study, a double-layer impregnated structure, developed using modified PEI, is newly proposed to enhance the physical and chemical stabilities of the adsorbent. Epoxy-modified PEI and diepoxide-cross-linked PEI were impregnated via a dry impregnation method in the first and second layers, respectively. The physical stability of the double-layer structured adsorbent was noticeably enhanced when compared to the conventional adsorbents with a single layer. In addition to the enhanced physical stability, the result of simulated temperature swing adsorption cycles revealed that the double-layer structured adsorbent presented a high potential working capacity (3.5 mmol/g) and less urea formation under CO2-rich regeneration conditions. The enhanced physical and chemical stabilities as well as the high CO2 working capacity of the double-layer structured adsorbent were mainly attributed to the second layer consisting of diepoxide-cross-linked PEI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21213-21223
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 27

Keywords

  • amine modification
  • CO capture
  • double-layer structure
  • polyethyleneimine
  • stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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