Down-regulation of RalBP1 expression reduces seizure threshold and synaptic inhibition in mice

Young Soo Bae, Woosuk Chung, Kihoon Han, Kyeong Yeol Park, Hosun Kim, Eunjoon Kim, Myoung Hwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Idiopathic epilepsy is characterized by seizures without a clear etiology and is believed to have a strong genetic component but exhibits a complex inheritance pattern. Genetic factors seem to confer a low seizure threshold to susceptible individuals and thereby enhance epileptogenesis. However, the identity of susceptibility genes and the mechanisms regulating seizure threshold are still poorly understood. Here, we describe that reduced expression of RalBP1, a downstream effector of the small GTPases RalA and RalB, lowers the seizure threshold in mice. The intraperitoneal injection of the chemoconvulsant pentylenetetrazol induced more severe seizures in RalBP1 hypomorphic mice than in their wild-type littermates. The reduction of RalBP1 in the brain has no effect on neuronal excitability, but does decrease the inhibitory synaptic transmission onto CA1 pyramidal neurons. This impaired synaptic inhibition was associated with the loss of GABAergic interneurons in the CA1 subfield of the hippocampus. The present study identifies RalBP1 as a gene regulating the seizure threshold in mice and provides direct evidence for the role of RalBP1 in synaptic inhibition in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume433
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Seizures
Down-Regulation
Genes
Pentylenetetrazole
Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins
Neurons
Brain
Inheritance Patterns
Pyramidal Cells
Interneurons
Intraperitoneal Injections
Synaptic Transmission
Epilepsy
Hippocampus

Keywords

  • Convulsant stimulation
  • GABAergic interneuron
  • Inhibitory synaptic transmission
  • RalBP1 (RLIP76)
  • Seizure threshold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Down-regulation of RalBP1 expression reduces seizure threshold and synaptic inhibition in mice. / Bae, Young Soo; Chung, Woosuk; Han, Kihoon; Park, Kyeong Yeol; Kim, Hosun; Kim, Eunjoon; Kim, Myoung Hwan.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 433, No. 2, 01.01.2013, p. 175-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bae, Young Soo ; Chung, Woosuk ; Han, Kihoon ; Park, Kyeong Yeol ; Kim, Hosun ; Kim, Eunjoon ; Kim, Myoung Hwan. / Down-regulation of RalBP1 expression reduces seizure threshold and synaptic inhibition in mice. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 2013 ; Vol. 433, No. 2. pp. 175-180.
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