In Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) acts as an inhibitor of lytic repli-cation. Here, we demonstrate that KSHV downregulated PARP-1 upon reactivation. The viral processivity factor of KSHV (PF-8) interacted with PARP-1 and was sufficient to degrade PARP-1 in a proteasome-dependentmanner; this effect was conserved in murine gammaherpesvirus 68. PF-8 knockdown in KSHV-infected cells resulted in reduced lytic replication upon reactivation with increased levels of PARP-1, compared to those in control cells. PF-8 overexpression reduced the levels of the poly(ADP- ribosyl)ated (PARylated) replication and transcription activator (RTA) and further enhanced RTA-mediated transactivation. These results suggest a novel viralmechanismfor overcoming the inhibitory effect of a host factor, PARP-1, thereby promoting the lytic replication of gammaherpesvirus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas