Drivers of ratification rates in global biodiversity governance: local environmentalism, orientation toward global governance, and peer pressure

Jae-Mahn Shim, Eunjung Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Drawing on literature on world society and polity, we investigate the factors that drive the formation of global biodiversity governance. Using an event history analysis, we examine local and trans-local factors that influence how long it takes for countries to ratify the United Nation Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Three factors are positively correlated with CBD ratification rates: local environmentalism, the local orientation toward global governance, and trans-local peer pressure. The effects of peer pressure vary. Regional peers appear to influence countries to ratify the CBD more quickly, whereas global peers do not. The robust effect of regional peers is unique to biodiversity, contrary to what is known for other areas like climate change. We contribute to the literature of global environmental governance by providing an issue-area-specific model for biodiversity, and provide a reference point for future research on global biodiversity governance, including two protocols after the CBD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Politics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

environmentalism
ratification
global governance
biodiversity
driver
governance
world society
local factors
United Nations
UNO
climate change
convention
rate
event
literature
effect

Keywords

  • environmental governance
  • ratification
  • regionalization
  • UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • world polity
  • world society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{1634bc9862ae441ca1a48e716bdff173,
title = "Drivers of ratification rates in global biodiversity governance: local environmentalism, orientation toward global governance, and peer pressure",
abstract = "Drawing on literature on world society and polity, we investigate the factors that drive the formation of global biodiversity governance. Using an event history analysis, we examine local and trans-local factors that influence how long it takes for countries to ratify the United Nation Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Three factors are positively correlated with CBD ratification rates: local environmentalism, the local orientation toward global governance, and trans-local peer pressure. The effects of peer pressure vary. Regional peers appear to influence countries to ratify the CBD more quickly, whereas global peers do not. The robust effect of regional peers is unique to biodiversity, contrary to what is known for other areas like climate change. We contribute to the literature of global environmental governance by providing an issue-area-specific model for biodiversity, and provide a reference point for future research on global biodiversity governance, including two protocols after the CBD.",
keywords = "environmental governance, ratification, regionalization, UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), world polity, world society",
author = "Jae-Mahn Shim and Eunjung Shin",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/09644016.2019.1630070",
language = "English",
journal = "Environmental Politics",
issn = "0964-4016",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drivers of ratification rates in global biodiversity governance

T2 - local environmentalism, orientation toward global governance, and peer pressure

AU - Shim, Jae-Mahn

AU - Shin, Eunjung

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Drawing on literature on world society and polity, we investigate the factors that drive the formation of global biodiversity governance. Using an event history analysis, we examine local and trans-local factors that influence how long it takes for countries to ratify the United Nation Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Three factors are positively correlated with CBD ratification rates: local environmentalism, the local orientation toward global governance, and trans-local peer pressure. The effects of peer pressure vary. Regional peers appear to influence countries to ratify the CBD more quickly, whereas global peers do not. The robust effect of regional peers is unique to biodiversity, contrary to what is known for other areas like climate change. We contribute to the literature of global environmental governance by providing an issue-area-specific model for biodiversity, and provide a reference point for future research on global biodiversity governance, including two protocols after the CBD.

AB - Drawing on literature on world society and polity, we investigate the factors that drive the formation of global biodiversity governance. Using an event history analysis, we examine local and trans-local factors that influence how long it takes for countries to ratify the United Nation Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Three factors are positively correlated with CBD ratification rates: local environmentalism, the local orientation toward global governance, and trans-local peer pressure. The effects of peer pressure vary. Regional peers appear to influence countries to ratify the CBD more quickly, whereas global peers do not. The robust effect of regional peers is unique to biodiversity, contrary to what is known for other areas like climate change. We contribute to the literature of global environmental governance by providing an issue-area-specific model for biodiversity, and provide a reference point for future research on global biodiversity governance, including two protocols after the CBD.

KW - environmental governance

KW - ratification

KW - regionalization

KW - UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

KW - world polity

KW - world society

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067581516&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067581516&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09644016.2019.1630070

DO - 10.1080/09644016.2019.1630070

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85067581516

JO - Environmental Politics

JF - Environmental Politics

SN - 0964-4016

ER -