In this paper, we present results, experimental and numerical, of the electromagnetic interaction forces between pairs of racetrack coils under time-varying conditions. Three turn-to-turn insulation designs were applied to wind three racetrack coils with GdBCO coated conductor: 1) no insulation (NI); 2) partial insulation (PI) of a polyimide layer every eight turns; and 3) insulation (INS) of a polyimide layer between each, i.e., NI, PI, and INS racetracks. Two racetrack pairs, namely, NI-INS and PI-INS, were tested for their interaction forces, measured with load cell under current-ramping conditions in a bath of liquid nitrogen at 77 K. Good experimental and simulation results validate our equivalent circuit model to compute interaction forces of PI-INS racetrack pair. Overcurrent test of NI and PI coils, where each racetrack coil was charged above critical current (Ic), was also performed to compare coil stability. This result implies that, although the PI winding technique improves the dynamic response, stability will be somewhat compromised.
- Electromagnetic force
- equivalent circuit model
- wind power generator
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering