Earthquake events classification using convolutional recurrent neural network

Bonhwa Ku, Gwantae Kim, Su Jang, Hanseok Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper proposes a Convolutional Recurrent Neural Net (CRNN) structure that can simultaneously reflect both static and dynamic characteristics of seismic waveforms for various earthquake events classification. Addressing various earthquake events, including not only micro-earthquakes and artificial-earthquakes but also macro-earthquakes, requires both effective feature extraction and a classifier that can discriminate seismic waveform under noisy environment. First, we extract the static characteristics of seismic waveform through an attention-based convolution layer. Then, the extracted feature-map is sequentially injected as input to a multiinput single-output Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) network structure to extract the dynamic characteristic for various seismic event classifications. Subsequently, we perform earthquake events classification through two fully connected layers and softmax function. Representative experimental results using domestic and foreign earthquake database show that the proposed model provides an effective structure for various earthquake events classification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)592-599
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Convolutional Neural Network (CNN)
  • Convolutional Recurrent Neural Network (CRNN)
  • Earthquake events classification
  • Recurrent Neural Network (RNN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Instrumentation
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Signal Processing
  • Speech and Hearing

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