ECMO use in COVID-19: Lessons from past respiratory virus outbreaks - A narrative review

Hwa Jin Cho, Silver Heinsar, In Seok Jeong, Kiran Shekar, Gianluigi Li Bassi, Jae Seung Jung, Jacky Y. Suen, John F. Fraser

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to grow exponentially in most countries, posing an unprecedented burden on the healthcare sector and the world economy. Previous respiratory virus outbreaks, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), pandemic H1N1 and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), have provided significant insights into preparation and provision of intensive care support including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Many patients have already been supported with ECMO during the current COVID-19 pandemic, and it is likely that many more may receive ECMO support, although, at this point, the role of ECMO in COVID-19-related cardiopulmonary failure is unclear. Here, we review the experience with the use of ECMO in the past respiratory virus outbreaks and discuss potential role for ECMO in COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number301
JournalCritical Care
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 6

Keywords

  • Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19)
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
  • Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)
  • Pandemic H1N1
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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    Cho, H. J., Heinsar, S., Jeong, I. S., Shekar, K., Li Bassi, G., Jung, J. S., Suen, J. Y., & Fraser, J. F. (2020). ECMO use in COVID-19: Lessons from past respiratory virus outbreaks - A narrative review. Critical Care, 24(1), [301]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-020-02979-3