Eco-toxicity of commercial silver nanopowders to bacterial and yeast strains

Sira Lee, Juhee Lee, Kiwoo Kim, Sang Jun Sim, Man Bock Gu, Jongheop Yi, Jinwon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To test the impact of commercial nanomaterials on the environment and biological species, the potential eco-toxicity of nano sized silver powder was investigated with bacteria, Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis and yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. When commercial silver nanopowder was dispersed in water, it was shown to contain both silver nanoparticles and silver ions. S. cerevisiae showed a higher survival rate than the other two species. To compare the antimicrobial activity as a quantitative parameter, the susceptibility constant was determined. The susceptibility constant of the silver ions were larger than those of the silver nanopowder. On average, the degree of susceptibility to silver decreased in the following order, E. coli > B. subtilis > S. cerevisiae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-495
Number of pages6
JournalBiotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct 9

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Keywords

  • Antibacterial activity
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Silver ions
  • Silver nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Bioengineering

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